Glossary of Shinto Names and Terms: F

Fudoki 風土記


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Fudoki.


fugeki 巫覡


shamaness, female spiritual medium.

A religious functionary who possesses spiritual powers, transmits oracles, and serves as a medium for speaking with the spirits of the deceased.


Fujisaki Hachimangû 藤崎八幡宮


Fujisaki Hachiman Shrine.

A shrine in Kumamoto city, founded in 935 as an imperial prayer for the subjugation of the revolt led by Fujiwara no Sumitomo and for the pacification of Kyûshû. It was destroyed by fire in 1877 during the Seinan War and later the shrine was restored and transferred to its present location.


Fujitani Mitsue 富士谷御杖


(1768-1823). A scholar of the Japanese language in the Edo period. Son of Fujitani Nariakira, he advanced a unique theory for interpreting waka poetry based on the notion of word-spirit in which words were interpreted as being invested with a life force.


Fujitani Nariakira 富士谷成章


(1738-79). A scholar of the Japanese language in the Edo period. He developed new theories for evaluating waka poetry, a word classification system by part of speech, and a system of historical periodization for the Japanese language. Together with Motoori Norinaga, he is considered a preeminent grammarian.


fukko shintô 復古神道


Restoration Shinto.

See Basic Terms of Shinto: Fukko Shintô.


Fusô-kyô 扶桑教


A sect of Kyôha Shintô. One of the pre-war Shintô Jûsampa. Organized by Shishino Nakaba (1844-84) in 1873 and recognized as an independent sect by the government in 1882. In the postwar era it has established its identity within the lineage of Japanese mountain worship groups. Headquartered in Setagaya Ward, Tokyo; reported membership is 46,000.