Glossary of Shinto Names and Terms: M

magagoto 凶悪事


evil, distortion.

Twisted, crooked, distorted, and by extension "evil." Since Shinto does not conceive of absolute moral evil, however, maga is used to express the Shinto notion of sin as the state of something distorted from its normal "straight" condition.


magatsuhi no kami 禍津日神


kami of disorder.

See Basic Terms of Shinto: Magatsuhi no kami.


mamemaki 豆まき


scatter good-luck beans.

A popular ritual performed on February 3rd or 4th of the solar calendar. According to the old luni-solar calendar the day setsubun marked the change of seasons from winter to spring. The custom of dispelling evil demons by throwing dried soybeans began in the Muromachi period.


marebito マレビト


strangers from afar.

Originally a word denoting a guest. Orikuchi Shinobu theorized that marebito were spiritual entities from Tokoyo (the other world existing beyond the sea) which periodically visit village communities bringing happiness and good fortune to humans. Orikuchi believed marebito to be originally modeled after ancestral spirits.


Maruyama-kyô 丸山教


A Shintô-based New Religion. Founded by Itô Rokurobee (1829-94). Propagation began in 1871. In the middle of the Meiji period it was deemed dangerous by the government and supressed. Presently, its headquarters are in Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture; reported membership is approximately 10,000.


matsuri 祭


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Matsuri.


Meiji Jingû 明治神宮


Meiji Shrine.

A major shrine in the Shibuya Ward of Tokyo enshrining Emperor Meiji and his empress (Shôken). The Chinza-sai, the ceremony for enshrining a kami, was performed in 1920. The shrine's outer garden area are home to motion picture theaters, sports facilities and a hall for conducting wedding receptions.


miki 神酒


rice wine.

See Basic Terms of Shinto: Miki.


miko 巫女


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Miko.


Mikogami 御子神


offspring deities.

A term referring to kami who are the offspring of the principal kami worshiped at a shrine.


mikoshi みこし


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Mikoshi.


mikuji 神籤


sacred lots.

See Basic Terms of Shinto: Mikuji, O-mikuji.


mimegumi みめぐみ


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Megumi.


Misogi-kyô 禊教


A sect of Kyôha Shintô. One of the pre-war Shintô Jûsampa. Founded by Inoue Masakane (1790-1849). Inoue began proselytizing in 1834, but his activities were suppressed by the Tokugawa Regime. The group subsequently split into two large factions. One merged with Taisei kyôkai and the other became the independent sect Misogi-kyô in 1894. Headquartered in Kitakoma County, Yamanashi Prefecture; reported membership is approximately 99,000.


mitama 御魂


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Mitama no fuyu, Tamaya.


miyaza 宮座


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Miyaza.


Motoori Norinaga 本居宣長


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Fukko Shintô, Hirata Atsutane (1776-1843), Kada no Azumamaro (1669-1736), Kami, Motoori, Norinaga (1730-1801), Shingaku1.


Munakata no san joshin 宗像の三女神


Three female kami of Munakata Shrine.

Ichikishimahime, Tagitsuhime, and Tagorihime; the three female kami Amaterasu produced in a trial by pledge with Susanoo. They are enshrined at the Munakata Shrine in Fukuoka Prefecture. They are believed to be protectors of the nation, the Imperial Household, voyages by sea, and to be the kami of bountiful fishing.


Murata Harumi 村田春海


(1746-1811). A Kokugaku scholar of the mid Edo period and disciple of Kamo no Mabuchi.


musubi 産霊


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Musubi.


musubi no kami 〔皇〕産霊神


See Basic Terms of Shinto: Musubi no kami.


Mutobe Yoshika 六人部是香


(1806-63). A Kokugaku scholar of the Hirata School at the end of the Edo period, and leading figure of the Hirata School in the Kansai area.